The total value of manufactured products in the world petrochemical industry is estimated at 3.2$ trillion. The dependence of all industries on petrochemical products as well as the high diversity of products in this industry has made the countries of the world have a special focus on this sector

Hydrocarbons, like oil and gas, after passing through different layers of the value chain, are transformed into various polymeric and chemical products, which are capable of producing thousands of final products used by industries and communities. Polymer and chemical products are used in the production process of many types of equipment, materials, and consumer goods of human societies. One of the most important uses of polymers is plastic.

Plastics is the term commonly used to describe a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials that are used in a huge and growing range of applications. Everywhere you look, you will find plastics. We use plastic products to help make our lives cleaner, easier, safer and more enjoyable. We find plastics in the clothes we wear, the houses we live in, and the cars we travel in. The toys we play with, the screens we watch, the IT tools we use and medical equipment we benefit from all contain plastics.

 

Plastics are extremely versatile materials and are ideal for a wide range of consumer and industrial applications. The relatively low density of most plastics gives plastic products the advantages of light weight. And, although most have excellent thermal and electrical insulation properties, some plastics can be made to conduct electricity when required. They are corrosion resistant to many substances which attack other materials, making them durable and suitable for use in harsh environments. Some are transparent, making optical devices possible. They can easily be moulded into complex shapes, allowing other materials to be integrated into plastic products, and making them ideal for a wide range of functions. Furthermore, if the physical properties of a given plastic do not quite meet the specified requirements, its balance of properties can be modified with the addition of reinforcing fillers, colours, foaming agents, flame retardants, plasticisers, etc., to meet the demands of the specific application.In principle, plastics can be developed with virtually any combination of properties to accommodate almost any application you can think of.

Application

1.plastic packaging

Plastics are a material of choice in packaging applications because of their performance, cost effectiveness, and durability. To be useful, packaging must safely protect and deliver a product from the manufacturer to the consumer. Packaging must meet regulatory requirements. For example, pharmaceutical and drug packaging is tightly regulated, as well as any plastics packaging that comes into contact with foods.

 

  • Food & Beverage Packaging

One area in which plastics make a major contribution is food packaging. Around 1.3 billion tons of food is wasted every year around the world. Plastics, and particularly plastic packaging, offer an ideal solution to help combat this waste. They provide numerous resource-efficient options to deliver food of the highest quality and with maximum shelf-life to consumers in portion sizes adapted to modern lifestyles. This significantly reduces food waste, energy consumption and the resources used.

From airtight wraps to shelf stable bottles and containers, plastic packaging plays a key role in delivering a safe food supply from farm to table and is a material of choice for freezing foods for longer term storage.

Many plastics, such as polystyrene and polyethylene, have been used in food packaging for decades.

  • Healthcare & Pharmaceutical Packaging

Highly valued for adaptability, protective properties, and cost-effectiveness, plastics are uniquely suited to meet the stringent standards and requirements of the medical and healthcare packaging industry. Plastics enable innovations that help protect healthcare products from damage, keep ingredients safe, and guard against contamination.

 

Plastic packaging can be found throughout the healthcare environment, including thermoformed blister packs and trays, as well as caps, bottles, vials, pouches and overwrap. Plastics are the workhorse at the heart of medical packaging solutions that must meet the medical and pharmaceutical industry’s rigorous compliance requirements.

 

Plastics are the perfect materials for shipping and storing intricate devices, drugs, and other medical instruments. Whether they’re essential medical supplies such as IV bags and syringes or lifesaving medical devices such as incubators and dialysis machines, plastics help improve health and save lives around the world.

  • Personal Care & Cosmetic Packaging

Few sectors value beauty, design, and function as much as the cosmetic packaging industry. From high-end luxury cosmetics to everyday personal care products, plastics play a major role in delivering products to market.

 

For personal care products, plastics are a material of choice for manufacturing shatterproof and “no-spill” bottles, jars, tubs, caps, and closures. Flexible pouches and tubes allow for improved product evacuation, which can reduce waste while maintaining visibility. Plastics also enable innovations like compact and portable packaging, which is a growing consumer trend.

  • Household & Chemical Packaging

From multi-layer films to help protect fertilizer, soil, and seed, to thermoformed rigid tubs of premixed concrete, gardening pots, and containers, plastics are behind many durable home and garden packaging solutions. Brand owners rely on plastics for their protective properties and adaptability.

2. Building & Construction

The building and construction sector in Europe consumes around 10 million tonnes of plastics each year (20% of total European plastics consumption), making it the second largest application for plastics after packaging. Plastic pipes, for instance, account for the majority of all new pipe installations, with well over 50% of the annual tonnage. And this share continues to grow.

Some of these plastics main uses in the construction industry are : Cladding panels, Cables, Pipes and gutters,Windows and doors, Shuttering, Wall linings, Floor covering, Ceiling panels, Roof coverings, Sinks, basins, baths, and showers, Worktops Insulation materials, Membranes.

  • Flooring

Plastic materials like polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyethylene are used to make flooring less prone to wear and tear. It also decreases the sound pollution level and can be cleaned easily.

 

  • Roofing

To protect the outer surface of the roof from damage, two layers of different plastic materials are required. The upper part is made of colored thermoplastic olefin or vinyl while the lower part consists of polyurethane foam which consumes less energy and keeps the interior of a house cooler.

 

  • Pipes

Commonly made up of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), CPVC, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or polyethylene, plastic pipes are flexible and very light in weight, making them easy to install.  All of these plastic materials are also highly chemical and water resistant, making them suitable for many extreme environments.