According to the public relations of the National Association of Plastic Industries of Iran (INPIA), a seminar on the rules and regulations of VAT was held by the Education Commission of the National Plastics Association this morning, August 25, 2016, at the Petrochemical and Polymer Research Institute of Iran. In this seminar, which was held with the presence of a number of financial managers of different industries, Ghaffarzadeh, the instructor of this seminar, explained tax cases and laws in three areas and with specific topics. The seminar began with a speech by Alireza Tork, Vice Chairman of the Education Commission of the National Association of Plastic Industries of Iran. In part of his speech, he described the activities of the National Plastic Association Education Commission and said: “All plastic industry training institutions are active in this commission and the purpose of this commission is to develop educational capacity.” He continued in this regard: According to the expert discussions conducted in the relevant commission, the plastics industry is divided into 18 working groups and the duties of each are defined. For example, in the door and window profile working group, the educational needs assessment work has been completed and topics in this area are being developed. According to Turk, based on the planning done by the commission, the emphasis was on areas of education that are needed but have not yet been covered. He added: in addition to the above; The Commission pays special attention to training in the field of laws and regulations. In this regard, last year, a seminar on the new tax laws was held by the Commission, which according to a survey was satisfied with the content of the program at a high level. Turk also mentioned that the training seminar on familiarization with VAT laws was held at the request of the audience. The Deputy Chairman of the Education Commission thanked the Tehran Province Towns Company, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Research Institute and the sponsor of this program, Sepidar Company. The seminar entered the main topic with Ghaffarzadeh’s words. Adviser to tax affairs, member of the Supreme Tax Council, deputy director of the research office, member of the council of the research center in the field of law reform, etc. are some of his records. The tax expert spoke with these outlines: What is VAT? Initial introduction and position of VAT in the world History of VAT in Iran VAT results and features How VAT is calculated and paid What tasks are assigned to economic actors in this tax system and frequently asked questions regarding the VAT system. Ghaffarzadeh first explained the concept of tax and stated: Everyone is a taxpayer, tax is the funds that the government collects from individuals according to law. It is important to note that the tax should be in accordance with the law and not the decision of the government, but the law of the Islamic Consultative Assembly of Iran. According to Article 51 of the Constitution, the government collects taxes from natural and legal persons, both Iranian and foreign, to cover its current expenses. According to this tax expert, although the tax is mandatory, the tax paid is not necessarily equal to the services received. For example, one may not be able to pay taxes but use government services, such as the lower deciles of society. Asked who should pay taxes, he said: “There have been two theories in this regard for a long time. First, every person should pay taxes on the government services that he uses, and this theory He did not have many fans. The second theory was that the principle was “ability” to pay. In this theory, able-bodied people pay taxes. The problem here is who should pay the tax? The answer is those who have income, consumers and wealth. Ghaffarzadeh added: Therefore, the tax is based on three principles: Income tax, wealth tax and consumption tax, the last of which is consumption and VAT are the most common. He continued: “Another question that arises is how much tax should be paid after recognizing these tax bases.” The name of percentages in tax is “tax rate”. In all taxes we have a fixed formula, the base multiplied by the rate, equal to the tax. The seminar continued with a PowerPoint presentation, explaining the expertise on taxation, and the participants asked questions and cleared up any ambiguities.