Iran-Eurasia Industrial Competition / Learn more about Iran’s accession to Eurasia

According to Inpia , while examining the list of goods in Iran shows that most of the finished goods have been awarded points that This is a step forward. On the other hand, Eurasia also offers concessions for mineral and industrial products, agriculture and Petrochemical Iran considered. Iran is joining the Eurasian Economic Union, and […]

According to Inpia , while examining the list of goods in Iran shows that most of the finished goods have been awarded points that This is a step forward. On the other hand, Eurasia also offers concessions for mineral and industrial products, agriculture and Petrochemical Iran considered. Iran is joining the Eurasian Economic Union, and from November 26, the operational process of joining the union will officially begin with the start of preferential trade based on the list of bilateral concessions. The Eurasian Economic Union was founded by five countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus and Armenia, and its trade value is about $ 750 billion a year. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announced on October 30, after the Eurasian Union summit, that the preferential trade arrangement agreement between Iran and the Eurasian Union would take effect on November 26, and that Iran should become a member of the Eurasian Union within three years. Economic activists also believe that given the diversity of the market and the diversity of resources available in the member countries of the union, joining it will create a significant opportunity for the Iranian economy and can partially offset the effect of sanctions. Previously, the only operational preferential tariff agreement in Iran was related to preferential trade between Iran and Turkey, the list of items of which is criticized by the private sector; Because they believe that in drafting the preferential trade agreement between Iran and Turkey, Iran’s economic interests have not been taken into account and the opinions of experts and economic activists have not been used in preparing this list. According to them, industries such as textiles and automobiles (parts companies) have suffered serious losses from this contract. It is also stated that this agreement has facilitated the export of raw materials from Iran and the import of consumer goods from Turkey. But with the published list of goods subject to preferential trade between Iran and Eurasia, the problems seem to be less than preferential trade with Turkey.

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Iran’s points to Eurasia

The list of concessions granted by Iran to the Eurasian Union is classified into 11 commodity groups. These groups can be distinguished in the fields of food and agriculture, industry, mining and machinery. In total, as previously announced, Iran’s preferences for Eurasia include 360 ​​items. Of these, 34 tariff codes are related to meat and food viscera, fish and other aquatic products, 63 tariff codes are related to agricultural and dairy products and 46 tariff codes are related to chemical products and related industries. Also, 3 tariff codes are assigned to plastic materials and known objects from these materials, 43 tariff codes are related to wood and wooden objects, wood paste, paper and cardboard, and 18 tariff codes are related to textile materials and products from these materials. In this list, jewelry made of precious metals includes 17 tariff codes, ordinary metals and their products, 43 tariff codes, and 58 tariff codes for machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical appliances. 29 tariff codes are related to air and ground vehicles and 6 tariff codes are related to optics and photography devices.

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Eurasian points to Iran

The Eurasian Union has also offered discounts for 502 items of trade with Iran under a preferential trade agreement with Iran. In this regard, in the list of Eurasia concessions granted to Iran, there are 126 tariff codes related to agricultural products, food industry and meat and fish products. Mineral products and mineral fuels and oils have 49 tariff codes. 90 tariff codes for chemical and pharmaceutical products are also included in the discount. 2 tariff codes related to rubber materials, 4 tariff codes related to textiles and clothing, 32 tariff codes related to stone, plaster and ceramic products, 22 tariff codes related to glass and glass products and 8 tariff codes related to precious stones and metals Is. But the most interesting product in this list is carpets and other flooring from textile materials that include all carpet items. This is while the advantages of this sector for Iran cannot be ignored; Because 45 tariff codes are subject to 100% tariff reduction. The 48 tariff codes for cast iron, iron and steel products are also on the Eurasia list of concessions. Copper and copper products 3 Tariff codes, Machinery and mechanical devices 43 Tariff codes, Machinery and electrical appliances 13 Tariff codes and vehicle parts and components 17 Tariff codes in this list. According to experts, the agreement was reached with Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia, which could be a competition for domestic producers and improve the quality of Iranian products. Economists see the preferential tariff as a step towards practicing competitiveness and combating trafficking. Preferential trade allows Iranian producers to gain an important position in the 180 million Eurasian market by improving the quality of their products.